TEXT is provided below for two documents: THE DOCTRINA and THE DIDACHE, each of which is included in a collection of manuscripts known as the APOSTOLIC FATHERS, several writings attributed to the earliest Christian writers, such as Epistle of Barnabas, the Epistles of Clement, Letters of Ignatius, et al. If you google DOCTRINA, you will find other documents by that name, one by St. Augustine: Doctrina Christiana, and a Latin document: De Doctrina Apostolorum. They are not this DOCTRINA  below which is the primitive form of the later DIDACHE.

INTRODUCTORY COMMENTS by Roger Hathaway: Most students are familiar with the DIDACHE as The Teachings of the Apostles, but the DOCTRINA is not readily available; I could not find an English translation of it on the internet. So, I typed the translation of Goodspeed below on this webpage.

    Contrary to some of the politically correct textual critics I believe it is obvious that the shorter DOCTRINA was the original, which the early Christians likely used as a practical manual, adding to it as they wished. Eventually, the Roman Catholic church probably added passages which would support its doctrinal development. During those centuries the catechism was generally known as "The Teachings of the Apostles." I've been unable to learn just when the original version became known as the DOCTRINA, while the extended version of later centuries became known as the DIDACHE.

    The TEACHINGS OF THE APOSTLES is mentioned by Eusebius of Caesarea (ca. 325ad), in his Ecclesiastical History, but not as a canonical scripture. Certainly, Eusebius was referring to the early Greek DOCTRINA. Strangely, many textual critics assume that the shorter and cruder DOCTRINA evolved from the DIDACHE, contrary to a rule of textual criticism that the less polished and cruder work is always the antecedent, something like a rough draft, while the more lengthy finished work came later. I agree with Dr. Goodspeed that the DOCTRINA was the original work, written before the end of the first century, while St. John was still alive, perhaps even mid-century.

    The earliest manuscript known, of the more lengthy DIDACHE, is contained in the Jerusalem Codex, aka the Bryennius, which had been kept in a Roman Catholic monastery, created by an unknown scribe named Leo about 1056AD. Older provenance of the DIDACHE is unknown, except that it obviously includes portions of the DOCTRINA and the EPISTLE OF BARNABAS. The Greek manuscript of the original DOCTRINA is lost; only a Latin translation of it still exists.

    Besides other arguments favoring the DOCTRINA as the original, I suspect the Roman Catholic church of expanding it in order to further set its doctrinal stance. Chapter 11 of the lengthy DIDACHE orders a group to receive teachers, something forbidden by Christ's New Covenant in Hebrews 8. Chapter 15 promotes the appointing of bishops and deacons. Of course, that establishes an organizational structure which was never suggested by Jesus. On the contrary, Jesus destroyed the existing religious structure of His time and commanded men to follow Him as solitaires, never as organized groups. These two clear contradictions to Jesus' teachings should make one suspicious of some biased tampering during the centuries between the first century DOCTRINA and the eleventh century DIDACHE. Admittedly, there are many instructions in the DIDACHE which are in wonderful accord with Jesus' message, and therefore valuable for our consideration. We can also note how the practice of their faith had changed from the old Temple religion of the O.T.

    Happily, these two documents do offer a valuable insight into early Christian efforts to follow Jesus and to honor God. Jesus left His sheep without any practical instructions for the time after He had gone. The DOCTRINA does not promote teachers, but offers guidance as a father might instruct his sons. Because it is worded as prohibitions, some have faulted it for being legalistic and therefore in conflict with St. Paul's ideas of liberty and the total sufficiency of Faith. It is my opinion that wise guidance from fathers to sons is appropriate, even a Godly responsibility. In this light, I think the DOCTRINA does not violate Jesus' commands to follow Him as solitaires who, according to the New Covenant, are taught ONLY by the Holy Spirit of God.

    When you read the DIDACHE, you will see that, except for a couple chapters, its instructions are directed more to a collective group than to a son. They are more demanding of doctrinal agreement among group members than being simple instructions from a father to a son. In such case, it provides a valuable insight into the changing nature of Christianity from the first century of simple Christians to an eleventh century church which was just beginning its dark age of inquisitions and murders of millions of Christians who dared disagree with its doctrines.

    These two documents are sometimes loosely called the TWO WAYS documents. This might reminds us of the Jeremiah 21:8 passage in which God told Jeremiah what to speak to the people of Jerusalem: "Thus saith the Lord; Behold, I have set before you the way of Life, and the way of death. 9 He that remains in this city shall die by the sword, and by famine: but he that goes forth to advance to the Chaldeans that have besieged you, shall live. . ."

    I can't help but view God's instruction as pertinent to our own end-time dilemma: either one leaves/disconnects from this world life willingly or he will perish. Jesus has commanded us to follow Him to LIFE; to refuse is to die here.


    The following text of the THE DOCTRINA is the translation of Dr. Edgar J. Goodspeed, while the text of the DIDACHE  below is that of J. B. Lightfoot.

APOSTOLIC FATHERS, An American Translation,

1950: Harper & Bros. by Edgar J. Goodspeed (1871-1962)


The Teaching of the Apostles


1: There are two ways in the world, that of Life and that of death, of light and of darkness. Over them are set two angels, one of right, the other of wrong. Moreover, there is a great difference between the two ways. The way of life is this: first, you shall love the eternal God who made you; second, your neighbor as yourself. Moreover, anything that you would not have done to you, you shall not do to anyone else. Now the meaning of these words is this:

2: You shall not commit adultery, you shall not commit murder, you shall not bear false witness, you shall not corrupt a boy, you shall not commit fornication, you shall not practice magic, you shall not use enchanted potions, you shall not murder a child by abortion, nor kill one when it is born, you shall not desire any of your neighbor’s goods, you shall not commit perjury, you shall not speak evil, you shall not hold a grudge, or show duplicity in giving advice, or be double-tongued, for the tongue is a deadly snare. Your speech shall not be vain or false. You shall not be covetous or avaricious, or rapacious or an idolator, or contentious or ill-humored. You shall not entertain an evil design against your neighbor. You shall hate nobody; some you shall love more than your own soul.

3: My son, flee from an evil man, and from everyone like him. Do not be irascible, for anger leads to murder, nor shall you be eager for malice, or proud, for all these things breed anger. Do not be an astrologer, or an enchanter, which things lead to idolatry, and do not want to look at them or hear them. Do not be a liar, since lying leads to theft, or a lover or money or vain. For all these things breed thefts. Do not be a grumbler, for it leads to cursing. Do not be self-willed, or evil minded, for all these things breed curses. But be meek, for the meek will possess the holy land. Be long-suffering and upright in your business and reverent of all the words that you hear. You shall not exalt yourself or honor yourself among men, or admit arrogance to your soul. You shall not join yourself in soul with higher men, but you shall associate with upright and humble men. You shall accept the adversities that befall you as good, knowing that nothing happens without God.

4: Night and day you shall remember the one who speaks the word of the Lord to you; you shall honor him as the Lord. For the Lord is in the place from which his words come. Moreover, you shall seek the faces of the saints, to refresh yourself with their words. You shall not cause divisions. Reconcile those who are quarreling. Judge justly, knowing that you will be judged. You shall not discourage anyone in his misfortune, nor shall you doubt whether it will be true or not. Do not keep stretching out your hand to receive, and drawing them back when it comes to returning. If through your hand you have earned a ransom for your sins, you shall not hesitate to give it, or grumble when you give, for you know who is the good payer of such wages. You shall not turn away from the needy, but shall share everything with your brethren, and you shall not say it is your own. For if we are partners in what is immortal, how much more ought we to consecrate from it! For the Lord wishes to give of His gifts to all. You shall not withhold your hand from your sons, but from their youth up you shall teach them the fear of the Lord. You shall not give orders in your anger to your man or woman slave, who hope in the same Lord; let him fear both the Lord and you. For He came not to call men with partiality, but those in whom He found the Spirit. You slaves, moreover, be subject to your masters as a symbol of God, with modesty and trembling. You shall hate all hypocrisy, and you shall not do anything that is not pleasing to the Lord. Therefore, my son, keep what you have heard, and do not add to them what is contrary to them, or take anything from them. Do not approach prayer with an evil conscience. This is the way of life.

5: But the way of death is the opposite of it. First, it is bad and full of curses, — adulteries, murders, false witness, fornications, base desires, magic arts, enchantments, thefts, idolatry, robberies, hypocrisies, pride, malice, willfulness, covetousness, foul speech, jealousy, insolence, boastfulness, exaltation, falsity. Not fearing God, persecutors of good men, hating truth, loving falsehood, ignorant of the wages of truth, not adhering to the good, not giving just judgment, lying awake not for good but for evil; from whom gentleness is far away, and to whom boastfulness is close, seeking those who will reward them, without pity for the poor, not grieving for one who is grieved, not recognizing their Creator, murderers of their sons, abortionists, turning away from good works, oppressing one who is afflicted, neglecting the appeals of the upright.

6: Abstain, my son, from all these things, and see that no one leads you astray from this Teaching; otherwise, you will be taught outside the true instruction. If you do these things daily with reflection, you will be near the Living God, but if you do not do them, you will be far from the truth.

    Lay up all these things in your mind, and you will not be disappointed in your hope, but through these sacred contests you will attain the crown, through our Lord Jesus Christ, Who reigns and rules with God the Father and the Holy Spirit forever and ever. Amen.




THE DIDACHE or Teaching of the Apostles

from: APOSTOLIC FATHERS (transl: Joseph Barber Lightfoot, 1828-1889: English theologian)

1:1 There are two ways, one of life and one of death, and there is a great difference between the two ways.
1:2 {The way of life} is this.
1:3 First of all, {thou shalt love the God} that made thee;
1:4 secondly, {thy neighbour as thyself.}
1:5 {And all things whatsoever thou wouldest not have befal thyself neither do thou unto another.}
1:6 Now of these words the doctrine is this.
1:7 {Bless them that curse you, and pray for} your enemies and fast for {them that persecute you;
1:8 for what thank is it, if ye love them that love you? Do not even the Gentiles the same? But do ye love them that hate you,} and ye shall not have an enemy.
1:9 Abstain thou from fleshly and bodily lusts.
1:10 {If any man give thee a blow on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also,} and thou shalt be perfect;
1:11 {if a man impress thee to go with him, one mile, go with him twain;
1:12 if a man take away thy cloak, give him thy coat also;
1:13 if a man take away from thee that which is thine own, ask it not back,} for neither art thou able.
1:14 {To every man that asketh of thee give, and ask not back;}
1:15 for the Father desireth that gifts be given to all from His own bounties.
1:16 Blessed is he that giveth according to the commandment;
1:17 for he is guiltless.
1:18 Woe to him that receiveth;
1:19 for, if a man receiveth having need, he is guiltless;
1:20 but he that hath no need shall give satisfaction why and wherefore he received;
1:21 and being put in confinement he shall be examined concerning the deeds that he hath done, and {he shall not come out thence until he hath given back the last farthing.}
1:22 Yea, as touching this also it is said;
1:23 {Let thine alms sweat into thine hands, until thou shalt have learnt to whom to give.}

2:1 And this is the second commandment of the teaching.
2:2 {Thou shalt do no murder, thou shalt not commit adultery,} thou shalt not corrupt boys, thou shalt not commit fornication, {thou shalt not steal,} thou shalt not deal in magic, thou shalt do no sorcery, thou shalt not murder a child by abortion nor kill them when born, {thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's goods, thou shalt not perjure thyself, thou shalt not bear false witness,} thou shalt not speak evil, thou shalt not cherish a grudge, thou shalt not be double-minded nor double-tongued;
2:3 for the double tongue is a snare of death.
2:4 Thy word shall not be false or empty, but fulfilled by action.
2:5 Thou shalt not be avaricious nor a plunderer nor a hypocrite nor ill-tempered nor proud.
2:6 Thou shalt not entertain an evil design against thy neighbour.
2:7 {Thou shalt not hate} any man, {but some thou shalt reprove,} and for others thou shalt pray, {and others thou shalt love} more than thy life.

3:1 My child, flee from every evil and everything that resembleth it.
3:2 Be not angry, for anger leadeth to murder, nor jealous nor contentious nor wrathful;
3:3 for of all these things murders are engendered.
3:4 My child, be not lustful, for lust leadeth to fornication, neither foul-speaking neither with uplifted eyes;
3:5 for of all these things adulteries are engendered.
3:6 My child, {be no dealer in omens,} since it leads to idolatry, nor an enchanter nor an astrologer nor a magician, neither be willing to look at them;
3:7 for from all these things idolatry is engendered.
3:8 My child, be not a liar, since lying leads to theft, neither avaricious neither vainglorious;
3:9 for from all these things thefts are engendered.
3:10 My child, be not a murmurer, since it leadeth to blasphemy, neither self-willed neither a thinker of evil thoughts;
3:11 for from all these things blasphemies are engendered.
3:12 But be meek, since {the meek shall inherit the earth.}
3:13 Be long-suffering and pitiful and guileless and {quiet} and kindly {and} always {fearing the words} which thou hast heard.
3:14 Thou shalt not exalt thyself, neither shalt thou admit boldness into thy soul.
3:15 Thy soul shall not cleave together with the lofty, but with the righteous and humble shalt thou walk.
3:16 The accidents that befal thee thou shalt receive as good, knowing that nothing is done without God.

4:1 My child, {thou shalt remember him that speaketh unto thee the word of God} night and day, and shalt honour him as the Lord;
4:2 for whencesoever the Lordship speaketh, there is the Lord.
4:3 Moreover thou shalt seek out day by day the persons of the saints, that thou mayest find rest in their words.
4:4 Thou shalt not make a schism, but thou shalt pacify them that contend;
4:5 thou shalt judge righteously, thou shalt not make a difference in a person to reprove him for transgressions.
4:6 Thou shalt not doubt whether a thing shall be or not be.
4:7 {Be not thou found holding out thy hands to receive, but drawing them in as to giving.}
4:8 If thou hast ought passing through thy hands, thou shalt give a ransom for thy sins.
4:9 Thou shalt not hesitate to give, neither shalt thou murmur when giving;
4:10 for thou shalt know who is the good paymaster of thy reward.
4:11 Thou shalt not turn away from him that is in want, but shalt make thy brother partaker in all things, and shalt not say {that anything is thine own.}
4:12 For if ye are fellow-partakers in that which is imperishable, how much rather in the things which are perishable? Thou shalt not withhold thy hand from thy son or from thy daughter, but from their youth thou shalt teach them the fear of God.
4:13 Thou shalt not command thy bondservant or thine handmaid in thy bitterness, who trust in the same God as thyself, lest haply they should cease to fear the God who is over both of you;
4:14 for He cometh, not to call men with respect of persons, but He cometh to those whom the Spirit hath prepared.
4:15 But ye, servants, shall be subject unto your masters, as to a type of God, in shame and fear.
®LA1¯4:16 Thou shalt hate all hypocrisy, and everything that is not pleasing to the Lord.
4:17 Thou shalt never forsake the commandments of the Lord;
4:18 but shalt keep those things which thou hast received, neither adding to them nor taking away from them.
4:19 In church thou shalt confess thy transgressions, and shalt not betake thyself to prayer with an evil conscience.
4:20 This is the way of life.

5:1 But the way of death is this.
5:2 First of all, it is evil and full of a curse murders, adulteries, lusts, fornications, thefts, idolatries, magical arts, witchcrafts, plunderings, false witnessings, hypocrisies, doubleness of heart, treachery, pride, malice, stubbornness, covetousness, foul-speaking, jealousy, boldness, exaltation, boastfulness;
5:3 persecutors of good men, hating truth, loving a lie, not perceiving the reward of righteousness, not {cleaving to the good} nor to righteous judgment, wakeful not for that which is good but for that which is evil;
5:4 from whom gentleness and forbearance stand aloof;
5:5 loving vain things, pursuing a recompense, not pitying the poor man, not toiling for him that is oppressed with toil, not recognizing Him that made them, murderers of children, corrupters of the creatures of God, turning away from him that is in want, oppressing him that is afflicted, advocates of the wealthy, unjust judges of the poor, altogether sinful.
5:6 May ye be delivered, my children, from all these things.

6:1 See lest any man lead you astray from this way of righteousness, for he teacheth thee apart from God.
6:2 For if thou art able to bear the whole yoke of the Lord, thou shalt be perfect;
6:3 but if thou art not able, do that which thou art able.
6:4 But concerning eating, bear that which thou art able;
6:5 yet abstain by all means from meat sacrificed to idols;
6:6 for it is the worship of dead gods.

7:1 But concerning baptism, thus shall ye baptize.
7:2 Having first recited all these things, baptize {in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit} in living (running) water.
7:3 But if thou hast not living water, then baptize in other water;
7:4 and if thou art not able in cold, then in warm.
7:5 But if thou hast neither, then pour water on the head thrice in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.
7:6 But before the baptism let him that baptizeth and him that is baptized fast, and any others also who are able;
7:7 and thou shalt order him that is baptized to fast a day or two before.

8:1 And let not your fastings be with the hypocrites, for they fast on the second and the fifth day of the week;
8:2 but do ye keep your fast on the fourth and on the preparation (the sixth) day.
8:3 Neither pray ye {as the hypocrites,} but as the Lord commanded in His Gospel, {thus pray ye.
8:4 Our Father, which art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name;
8:5 Thy kingdom come;
8:6 Thy will be done, as in heaven, so also on earth;
8:7 give us this day our daily bread;
8:8 and forgive us our debt, as we also forgive our debtors;
8:9 and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one;}
8:10 for Thine is the power and the glory for ever and ever.
8:11 Three times in the day pray ye so.

9:1 But as touching the eucharistic thanksgiving give ye thanks thus.
9:2 First, as regards the cup:
9:3 We give Thee thanks, O our Father, for the holy vine of Thy son David, which Thou madest known unto us through Thy Son Jesus;
9:4 Thine is the glory for ever and ever.
9:5 Then as regards the broken bread:
9:6 We give Thee thanks, O our Father, for the life and knowledge which Thou didst make known unto us through Thy Son Jesus;
9:7 Thine is the glory for ever and ever.
9:8 As this broken bread was scattered upon the mountains and being gathered together became one, so may Thy Church be gathered together from the ends of the earth into Thy kingdom;
9:9 for Thine is the glory and the power through Jesus Christ for ever and ever.
9:10 But let no one eat or drink of this eucharistic thanksgiving, but they that have been baptized into the name of the Lord;
9:11 for concerning this also the Lord hath said:
9:12 {Give not that which is holy to the dogs.}

10:1 And after ye are satisfied thus give ye thanks:
10:2 We give Thee thanks, Holy Father, for Thy holy name, which Thou hast made to tabernacle in our hearts, and for the knowledge and faith and immortality, which Thou hast made known unto us through Thy Son Jesus;
10:3 Thine is the glory for ever and ever.
10:4 Thou, Almighty Master, didst create all things for Thy name's sake, and didst give food and drink unto men for enjoyment, that they might render thanks to Thee;
10:5 but didst bestow upon us spiritual food and drink and eternal life through Thy Son.
10:6 Before all things we give Thee thanks that Thou art powerful;
10:7 Thine is the glory for ever and ever.
10:8 Remember, Lord, Thy Church to deliver it from all evil and to perfect it in Thy love;
10:9 and {gather it together from the four winds}--even the Church which has been sanctified--into Thy kingdom which Thou hast prepared for it;
10:10 for Thine is the power and the glory for ever and ever.
10:11 May grace come and may this world pass away.
10:12 Hosanna to the God of David.
10:13 If any man is holy, let him come;
10:14 if any man is not, let him repent. Maran Atha. Amen.
10:15 But permit the prophets to offer thanksgiving as much as they desire.

11:1 Whosoever therefore shall come and teach you all these things that have been said before, receive him;
11:2 but if the teacher himself be perverted and teach a different doctrine to the destruction thereof, hear him not;
11:3 but if to the increase of righteousness and the knowledge of the Lord, receive him as the Lord.
11:4 But concerning the apostles and prophets, so do ye according to the ordinance of the Gospel.
11:5 Let every apostle, when he cometh to you, be received as the Lord;
11:6 but he shall not abide more than a single day, or if there be need, the next day also,

11:7 but if he abide three days, he is a false prophet.
11:8 And when he departeth let the apostle receive nothing save bread, until he findeth shelter;
11:9 but if he ask money, he is a false prophet.
11:10 And any prophet speaking in the Spirit ye shall not try neither discern;
11:11 for every sin shall be forgiven, but this sin shall not be forgiven.
11:12 Yet not every one that speaketh in the Spirit is a prophet, but only if he have the ways of the Lord.
11:13 From his ways therefore the false prophet and the prophet shall be recognized.
11:14 And no prophet when he ordereth a table in the Spirit shall eat of it;
11:15 otherwise he is a false prophet.
11:16 And every prophet teaching the truth, if he doeth not what he teacheth, is a false prophet.
11:17 And every prophet approved and found true, if he doeth ought as an outward mystery typical of the Church, and yet teacheth you not to do all that he himself doeth, shall not be judged before you;
11:18 he hath his judgment in the presence of God;
11:19 for in like manner also did the prophets of old time.
11:20 And whosoever shall say in the Spirit, Give me silver or anything else, ye shall not listen to him;
11:21 but if he tell you to give on behalf of others that are in want, let no man judge him.

12:1 But let every one {that cometh in the name of the Lord} be received;
12:2 and then when ye have tested him ye shall know him, for ye shall have understanding on the right hand and on the left.
12:3 If the comer is a traveller, assist him, so far as ye are able;
12:4 but he shall not stay with you more than two or three days, if it be necessary.
12:5 But if he wishes to settle with you, being a craftsman, let him work for and eat his bread.
12:6 But if he has no craft, according to your wisdom provide how he shall live as a Christian among you, but not in idleness.
12:7 If he will not do this, he is trafficking upon Christ.
12:8 Beware of such men.

13:1 But every true prophet desiring to settle among you {is worthy of his food.}
13:2 In like manner a true teacher {is} also {worthy,} like {the workman, of his food.}
13:3 Every firstfruit then of the produce of the wine-vat and of the threshing-floor, of thy oxen and of thy sheep, thou shalt take and give as the firstfruit to the prophets;
13:4 for they are your chief-priests.
13:5 But if ye have not a prophet, give them to the poor.
13:6 If thou makest bread, take the firstfruit and give according to the commandment.
13:7 In like manner, when thou openest a jar of wine or of oil, take the firstfruit and give to the prophets;
13:8 yea and of money and raiment and every possession take the firstfruit, as shall seem good to thee, and give according to the commandment.

14:1 And on the Lord's own day gather yourselves together and break bread and give thanks, first confessing your transgressions, that your sacrifice may be pure.
14:2 And let no man, having his dispute with his fellow, join your assembly until they have been reconciled, that your sacrifice may not be defiled;
14:3 for this sacrifice it is that was spoken of by the Lord;
14:4 {In every place and at every time offer Me a pure sacrifice;
14:5 for I am a great king, saith the Lord and My name is wonderful among the nations.}

15:1 Appoint for yourselves therefore bishops and deacons worthy of the Lord, men who are meek and not lovers of money, and true and approved;
15:2 for unto you they also perform the service of the prophets and teachers.
15:3 Therefore despise them not;
15:4 for they are your honourable men along with the prophets and teachers.
15:5 And reprove one another, not in anger but in peace, as ye find in the Gospel;
15:6 and let no one speak to any that has gone wrong towards his neighbour, neither let him hear a word from you, until he repent.
15:7 But your prayers and your almsgivings and all your deeds so do ye as ye find it in the Gospel of our Lord.

16:1 {Be watchful} for your life;
16:2 {let your lamps not be quenched and your loins not ungirded, but be ye ready;
16:3 for ye know not the hour in which our Lord cometh.}
16:4 And ye shall gather yourselves together frequently, seeking what is fitting for your souls;
16:5 for the whole time of your faith shall not profit you, if ye be not perfected at the last season.
16:6 For in the last days {the false prophets} and corrupters shall be multiplied, and the sheep shall be turned into wolves, and love shall be turned into hate.
16:7 For as lawlessness increaseth, {they shall hate one another and shall persecute and betray.
16:8 And then} the world-deceiver {shall appear} as a son of God;
16:9 {and shall work signs and wonders,} and the earth shall be delivered into his hands;
16:10 and he shall do unholy things, which have never been since the world began.
16:11 Then all created mankind shall come to the fire of testing, and many shall be offended and perish;
16:12 {but they that endure} in their faith {shall be saved} by the Curse Himself.
16:13 {And then shall the signs} of the truth {appear;}
16:14 first a sign of a rift in the heaven, then a sign of a voice of a trumpet, and thirdly a resurrection of the dead;
16:15 yet not of all, but as it was said:
16:16 {The Lord shall come and all His saints with Him.
16:17 Then shall} the world {see the Lord coming upon the clouds of heaven.}